Implementing the CWP
The CWP is an area-based programme that is established in a defined local area, called a site. Sites are usually wards or municipal area and need formal support from relevant local government structures.
The programme is managed at national level with support from provinces, and implementation is done at local level. The Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA) handles overall management and contracting.
Implementing Agents (IAs) contracted by CoGTA roll out the programme at a local level in partnership with local municipalities. The IA is appointed to develop the site, provide financial, logistics and project management, while building local capacity through partnerships with local non-governmental organisations (NGO) and community-based organisations (CBOs).
These Implementing Agents also work with the community and other stakeholders to identify ‘useful work’ that will benefit the community as a whole. Useful work can be described as the nature of work that contributes to a public good, that is, the improvement of living conditions and the quality of life of the residents of these communities.
The CWP uses community participation to identify ‘useful work’ and priorities. This is usually done through ward committees or local development forums. By adopting a community development approach, the CWP has demonstrated that it is possible to:
- Significantly expand service delivery in poor communities through the use of appropriate and effective community development and community participation strategies.
- Improve the day-to-day lives of vulnerable, poor and marginalised communities by helping to organise activities that communities feel are meaningful for them.
- Empower communities to address their core problems and meet basic needs while restoring the pride of communities in their environment.
The work performed in the CWP must be ‘useful work’. It must improve the quality of life in poor communities by helping to create and maintain community assets and develop services. This work is identified and prioritised through participatory processes, in ward committees or other agreed upon local development forums. CWP specific Local Reference Committees (LRCs) who are representative of community formations have been established to provide advice and ensure that key stakeholders within the municipality and sector departments are working with the Implementing Agents in supporting programme implementation.
This has required innovative community development approaches, which the CWP has enabled. In practice, the work performed is multi-sectoral, and typically includes a mix of activities such as home-based care, mapping orphans and vulnerable children, food gardens, environmental services, and the creation and maintenance of community assets such as parks, ECD Centres, water tanks and roads. Community participation and support has transformed feelings of despair into those of hope. There are indications that the programme is improving peoples’ lives.
Funding the CWP
The CWP is funded from the national budget. Wages have been set at R86 a day for ordinary participants and R113 a day for supervisors, based on the wage-contribution approved in the national budget for the non-state sector of EPWP. Wages are paid directly into workers’ bank accounts.
The CWP prioritises labour-intensive activities and 70% of the money at site level goes to the workers in the form of wages. This ratio requires partnerships with other players to co-resource or co-fund activities with high material inputs or introduces innovative nature of work activities.
Non-wage budget covers, Tools and Materials, Protective clothing, Training & Technical Support, and Project Management.